nilgai meat nutrition facts

They were first introduced to Texas in the 1920s as a zoo animal, later added to private animal collections on ranches in the 30s and 40s, but escaped and have flourished with the estimated population being between 15,000 and 18,000 animals today. About Food Exercise Apps Community Blog Shop Premium. A sturdy thin-legged antelope, the nilgai is characterised by a sloping back, a deep neck with a white patch on the throat, a short crest of hair along the neck terminating in a tuft, and white facial spots. Currently, nilgai are classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are stable. [36][81], The populations of nilgai in India are so large that farmers in the states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have pleaded to the government to cull them. Hunters need to be very stealthy to harvest these magnificent creatures. Nilgai mark their territories by forming dung piles as much as 50 centimeters (20 in) in radius. The nilgai has a variety of names such as neelghae, nilgau, nilgo, nylghau, and nylghai, constructions referring to other "blue" animals. Nilgai are herbivores (graminivores, folivores). [50] The protein content of the nilgai's should be at least seven percent. [7] The forelegs are generally longer,[31] and the legs are often marked with white "socks". The animals band together in three distinct kinds of groups: one or two females with young calves, three to six adult and yearling females with calves, and all-male groups with two to 18 members. When fully mature, a nilgai bull will be a smokey charcoal color with black and white markings on their throat, mane, and legs. [11], The generic name Boselaphus comes from the combination of the Latin bos ("cow" or "ox") and the Greek elaphos ("deer"). [7], The scientific name of the nilgai is Boselaphus tragocamelus. The farmers can either opt for fencing around the farmlands or if it's unaffordable, then the government can give ordinances to relocate them to the forests. A white stripe extends from the underbelly and broadens as it approaches the rump, forming a patch lined with dark hair. 2.6 25 125 63 Whitetail Deer. Because of their feral status in the United States, nilgais are often called Texas Antelope.Â. As I continue to use the nilgai meat, the differences I’ve noticed are few, but noteworthy. Comparative Nutritional Information - 4 ounce portions (uncooked) from a study by the MEAT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER Department of Animal Science at Texas A&M University. Only males possess horns, 15–24 centimetres (5.9–9.4 in) long. They have good hearing and eyesight but they do not have a good sense of smell.

Hindu people considered them to be sacred. Nilgai meat is considered a delicacy, including in the United States.

The nilgai’s conformation, however, is more horselike than cowlike: it has a long neck with a short upright mane, a bony narrow head, a barrel-like … Even so, in areas where they are considered sacred they are not hunted.Â, In the 1920s, a ranch in south Texas brought nilgais to the United States for recreational purposes.

Their diet includes a variety of plants such as leaves, seeds, fruits, flowers, stems, and buds. Calorie Goal 1,879 cal. Nilgai avoid densely wooded areas, preferring dry open lands. The process is not as elaborate in the females as it is in the males. As typical of several bovid species, nilgai calves are kept in hiding for the first few weeks of their lives. 59. Nilgai antelope are the largest Asian antelope, and are native to India and Pakistan. Calcium -- %. Hindus revere the nilgai as sacred and associate it with the cow, the mother animal in Hinduism, through its name and loosely similar physical features. There are a lot of confusing claims made about the nutritional characteristics of food products. The defecation process is elaborate-the antelope stands with his legs about a metre apart, with the rump lowered and the tail held almost vertical; it stays in the same posture for at least ten seconds after relieving itself. The rest can be ground and made into sausage and pepperoni, which is very popular. ... Calories kcal/4 oz. Chicken Thighs. [44][59] The victorious bull would protect the vicinity of the targeted female from other males. ", "Now, Bihar farmers hope for a reprieve from Nilgai", "Centre allows Bihar to cull Nilgai herds and wild pigs; declares them 'vermin, "As Nilgai destroy fields, cane farmers urged to grow pulses", "India: Changing the nilgai's name as a management strategy", "Nilgai menace drives Neemuch farmers to edge", "Crop damage by overabundant populations of nilgai and blackbuck in Haryana (India) and its management (Paper 13)", "Maharashtra government wants nilgai, wild boar to be declared vermin", "U'khand asks MoEF to declare wild boar, nilgai vermin", "Govt allows culling of nilgai, wild boar", "Animal rights groups unhappy with government's decision to declare nilgai as vermin", "Animals ought to have fundamental rights", "A new sport in Rajasthan: Shoot and save the nilgai", "To save crops and legitimise killing nilgai, Madhya Pradesh renames it to 'rojad' in rulebooks", "Haryana to change name of nilgai to roze", "Brutal pictures surfaced from Bihar, Nilgai was buried alive", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgai&oldid=982618782, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with self-published sources from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 08:10. [97][98][99], In September 2019, a video surfaced of a nilgai being buried alive with an excavator in Bihar as part of the culling. Groups are generally small, with ten or fewer individuals, though groups of 20 to 70 individuals can occur at times. The victorious bull would protect the vicinity of the targeted female from other males. Horns 9 inches and over are considered a trophy to hunters. ⚠ WARNING : Certain foods and beverages sold or served here can expose you to chemicals including acrylamide in many fried or baked foods, and mercury in fish, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. NUTRITIONAL DATA. [66], In India, the nilgai is protected under Schedule III of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

[2] The nilgai has been referred to by a variety of names: neelghae,[2] nilgau, nilgo,[1] nylghau,[5] and nylghai,[6] constructions referring to other "blue" animals. Omissions? [58] Males become sexually active at four or five years. [12] The specific name tragocamelus comes from the join of the two Greek words tragos ("he-goat") and kamelos ("camel"). Females become reproductively mature at 3 years of age while males are ready to breed when they are 4-5 years old. [7] Smooth and straight, these may point backward or forward. [33] The hairs, typically 23–28 centimetres (9.1–11.0 in) long, are fragile and brittle. A young male was observed making a submissive display in the Sariska Reserve by kneeling before an adult male, who stood erect. The name "nilgai" comes from the fusion of the Hindi words nil ("blue") and gai ("cow"). A column of coarse hair, known as the "pendant" can be observed along the dewlap ridge below the white throat patch. [9][10] The nilgai has one other relative in the tribe Boselaphini, the four-horned antelope (the sole member of Tetracerus). Nilgai are active mainly during the day. The tufted tail has a few white spots and is tipped with black. In a 2004 study in the Sariska reserve, twins accounted for as high as 80 percent of the total calf population. Its lower legs are banded black and white. Unlike other antelope, the male and female nilgai look physically different at adulthood. [43] Births peak from June to October in the Bharatpur National Park, and from April to August in southern Texas.

The word was first recorded in use in 1882. But the male’s cowlike horns are quite small, being 15–18 cm (6–7 inches) long. Don’t be put off by it. For the Belgian Blue Bull, see, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, "Synopsis of the species of antelopes and strepsiceres, with descriptions of new species", Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, "An account of a quadruped brought from Bengal and now to be seen in London", "DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae", "Evolutionary affinities of the enigmatic saola (, "The Bovidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the late Miocene of Akkas¸dag˘i, Turkey", "A multi-locus species phylogeny of African forest duikers in the subfamily Cephalophinae: Evidence for a recent radiation in the Pleistocene", American Journal of Physical Anthropology, "Late Miocene Boselaphini (Bovidae, Artiodactyla) from Fugu, Shaanxi Province, China", "Pleistocene cave fauna from peninsular India", "Albinism in the Blue bull or Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus (Pallas, 1766)", "Aids to the identification of artiodactylan hairs with general comments on hair structure", "Food habits of nilgai antelope in Texas", "Niche relationships of an ungulate assemablage in a dry tropical forest", "The Wild Animals of the Indian Empire and the problems of their preservation.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. They will stand on their hind legs to browse as high as possible. Diet and Nutrition Nilgai are herbivores (graminivores, folivores). It is said that the meat of a nilgai resembles beef, but with lower fat and less flavor. The species was described and given its binomial name by the German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in 1766. Finally, the male pushes his chest against her rump, and mounts her. Daily Goals. Nilgai occur in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. They are common in agricultural lands, but hardly occur in dense forest. [101], "Blue bull" redirects here. Only males possess horns, though a few females may be horned as well.

The Nilgai Antelope is native to countries of the Himalayan Mountains and most common in India, Pakistan and Nepal.

Fine restaurants market and use the Texas antelope because when, The name nilgai comes from the Indian words nil which means blue, and gai which means “cow”. South Texas Antelope (Nilgai) 2.1. Rather they form fluid herds, changing herds often for mating. [3] Nilgai were first introduced to Texas in the 1920s and the 1930s. Calves spend a month in hiding before beginning to accompany their mothers. The Facts About The Importance Of Meat In Nutrition. Tragelaphini consists of two genera: Taurotragus (eland) and Tragelaphus. [67] Major protected areas for the nilgai across India include: Gir National Park (Gujarat); Bandhavgarh National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanha National Park, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Panna Tiger Reserve, Pench Tiger Reserve, Sanjay National Park, Satpura National Park (Madhya Pradesh); Tadoba Andhari Reserve (Maharashtra); Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Sultanpur National Park in Gurgaon, Ranthambore National Park and Sariska Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan).

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